Coaching is not a new field of science that appeared all of a sudden, but before the word coaching was coined, people active in this field used titles such as “coach”, consultant, guide and sometimes the word “assistant” to refer to themselves. .
The field of coaching in its modern sense was created in the middle of 1980 by Thomas Leonard in the United States of America. Several professional coaches founded the ICF in 1995 as a non-profit organization to help fellow “coaches” develop the profession by supporting each other. Three years later, the ICF created a standard for coaching with a list of core competencies and associated ethical criteria.
Coaching is a subcategory of psychology that is used to recognize and treat mental illnesses and is usually called Abnormal Psychology.
There are topics that try to help healthy people to live better. The same field that Martin Seligman tried to promote and stabilize is known as Positive Psychology.
Seligman has repeatedly emphasized that psychology has devoted its life only to the first field in recent decades, and the second field has received less attention. He realized that the main focus of 20th century psychology was on weaknesses, flaws, injuries and damage repair, and attention to the abilities and strengths of people for growth and perfection was neglected.
Seligman has suggested that psychology should not limit itself to the pathological point of view, but should also pay attention to the positive half of people and use all the abilities and strengths of people to promote mental health. This is what is emphasized in coaching.